Ganesha’s head symbolizes theÂ Â soul, which is the ultimate supreme reality of human existence, and his human body signifiesÂ MayaÂ or the earthly existence of human beings. The elephant head denotes wisdom and its trunk representsÂ Om, the sound symbol of cosmic reality. In his upper right hand Ganesha holds a goad, which helps him propel mankind forward on the eternal path and remove obstacles from the way. The noose in Ganesha’s left hand is a gentle implement to capture all difficulties.
The broken tusk that Ganesha holds like a pen in his lower right hand is a symbol of sacrifice, which he broke for writing theÂ Mahabharata. The rosary in his other hand suggests that the pursuit of knowledge should be continuous. TheÂ laddooÂ (sweet) he holds in his trunk indicates that one must discover the sweetness of theÂ Atman. His fan-like ears convey that he is all ears to our petition. The snake that runs round his waist represents energy in all forms. And he is humble enough to ride the lowest of creatures, a mouse.